The Effect of Extra-Curricular Activities on Socio-Cultural Competence of EFL Students

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of English Language, Neka Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neka, Iran

2 Professor of English Studies, Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Tajikistan

3 Department of English language, Neka Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neka, Iran



This study considers the enhancement of socio-cultural competence of EFL students by means of extra-curricular activities. In this study, both control and experimental groups included 80 language learners (each group 40). The control group was given the questionnaires, pre- and post-tests along with the experimental group. Then, extracurricular activities were given to the experimental group which itself was divided into four mini groups. 10 participants were asked to prepare a self-video clip each week (4 clips as whole). Another group of 10 testees were asked to use social networks such as Facebook, What’s app, Telegram and the likes chatting with native speakers at least two hours a day involving themselves in English practice after taking pre-test and they were also given the subsequent post-test after a month. The third mini group, including 10 participants, had to write a letter each week to a native speaker e-pal (4 letters as whole). Finally, the fourth mini group including 10 participants participating at least once a week in ACD (American Corner Dushanbe) sessions which are related to social cultural events such as festivals, charity activities, etc. After that, research questionnaires were distributed among samples using SPSS software for data analysis. The author come to the conclusion that culture-related extra-curricular activities result in the enhancement of the level of language proficiency as well as contribute a lot to bringing up citizens, intellectually, culturally and multi-culturally developed professionals with deep awareness of intercultural values.


Alten, M. Z. “Nationality & Language Learning Strategies of ELT-major University Students.” Asian EFL Journal, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2004, pp. 1-11.
Astashova, N. A. “The problem of formation of tolerance in the system of educational institutions.” in Tolerant Consciousness and Formation of Tolerant Relations (Theory and Practice), 2nd ed., 2003, pp. 74-85.
Adzhieva, E. M. “Ethno Pedagogical and Ethnopsycological Conditions of Fostering Of Tolerance.” in Tolerant Consciousness and Formation of Tolerant Relations (Theory and Practice), 2nd ed., 2003, pp. 216-223.
Brown, H. D. Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. Boston: Prentice Hall Regents, 2012.
Chastain, K. Developing Second Language Skills, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 2010.
Chen, Y. “Barriers to Acquiring Listening Strategies for EFL Learners and Their Pedagogical Implications.” The Electronic Journal for English as a Second Language, Vol. 8, No, 4, 2005, pp. 1-18.
Desert, R. and Khaleghizadeh, Sh. ‘Second Language Learning Strategies: Looking for a Profile for Persian Language.” Quarterly Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 8, No. 26, 2013. Online.
Dyachenko, M. I. and Kandybovich, L. A. Psychological problems of readiness for activities. Minsk: Publishing House of the Belarusian University, 1976.
Lado, R. How to Compare Two Cultures, in Culture Bound: Bridging the Cultural Gap in Language Teaching. J. M. Valdes (ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
Lai, Y. “Language Learning Strategy Use and English Proficiency of University Freshmen in Taiwan.” TESOL Quarterly, Vol. 43, No. 2, 2009, pp. 255- 280.
Lantolf, P. J. Sociocultural Theory and Second Language Learning. Oxford: OUP, 2000.
Makarova, V. and Reva, A. “Perceived impact of extra-curricular activities on foreign language learning in Canadian and Russian university contexts.” Journal of Applied Language Studies, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2017, pp. 43-65.
Milrud, V. P. “Competence in language learning.” Foreign Languages in School, Vol. 7, 2004, pp. 31-35.
Nikoopour, J., Amini Farsani, M. and Kashefi Neishabouri, F. “Language Learning Strategy Preferences of Iranian EFL Students.” International Proceedings of Economics Development and Research, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2011, pp.356- 360.
Peterson, E. and Coltrane, B. “Culture in Second Language Teaching.” Center for Applied Linguistics, Digest, 2003, Online. [Accessed on 23 November 2018].
Sahraei, R. and  Khaleghizadeh, Sh. “Second Language Learning Strategies: Looking for an Index for Persian Language.” Quarterly Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 8, No. 16, 2012.
Safonova, V. V. “Cultural Studies in the Modern Language Education.” Foreign Languages in School, Vol. 3, 2001, pp. 17- 22.
Stepanov, P. P. “A Tolerant Person: How to Bring Him Up.” Public Education, Vol. 6, 2001, pp. 152-156.
Tajeddin, Z. and Teimournezhad, S. “Exploring the hidden agenda in the representation of culture in international and localised ELT textbooks.” The Language Learning Journal, Vol. 43, 2014, pp. 180-193.
Vakilifard, A. and Khaleghizadeh, Sh. “Persian Language Learning Strategies: A Study of the Relationship between Nationalities Using Strategies among Non-Iranian Learners.” Quarterly Linguistic Queries, Vol. 10, Vol. 2, 2013. Online.
Vorobjev, G. A. The Development of SocioCultural Competence. Foreign Languages in School, 2003.
Yildiz, Y. The Key to Success in English Learning Can Be Involvement in Extra Curricular. International Journal of Thesis Projects and Dissertations (IJTPD), Vol. 3, No. 3, 2015, pp. 24-28.
Yu, Y and Wang, B. “A study of Language Learning Strategy Use in the Context of EFL Curriculum and Pedagogy Reform in China.” Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Vol. 29, No. 4, 2009, pp. 457-468.
Anugkakul, G. “A Comparative Study in Language Learning Strategies of Chinese and Thai Students: A Case Study of Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University.” European Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2011, pp. 163-174.