Baelo-Allué, Sonia. Bret Easton Ellis's Controversial Fictions. London, Bloomsbury, 2011.
Barnes, Hugh. "Young Ones." Review of Less Than Zero,
by Bret Easton Ellis. London Review of Books
, 5 June 1986
, p. 22.
Baudrillard, Jean. America. Translated by Chris Turner. New York, Verso, 1988.
Colby, Georgina. Bret Easton Ellis: Underwriting the Contemporary. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.
Dehghan, Mohsen Khaleseh, and Bakhtiar Sadjadi. “Symbolic Consumption and Media in Bret Easton Ellis’s Less than Zero.” Critical Literary Studies, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2021, 93-108.
Diehl, Heath A. Addiction, Representation and the Experimental Novel, 1985-2015. New York, Anthem Press, 2021.
Donnelly, Ashley. Subverting Mainstream Narratives in the Reagan Era: Giving Power the People. Gewerbestrasse, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018.
Ellis, Bret Easton. Less Than Zero. Pennsylvania, Penguin, 1985.
Featherstone, Mike. Consumer Culture and Postmodernism. London, Sage, 2007.
Fine, David. Imagining Los Angeles: A City in Fiction. Albuquerque, University of New Mexico Press, 2000.
Freese, Peter. "Bret Easton Ellis, Less Than Zero: Entropy in the MTV Novel." Novels for Students, edited by Elizabeth Thomason, Vol. 11, Gale Group, 2001, 247-57.
Jameson, Fredric. Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. New York, Verso, 1991.
Lane, Jeremy. "Towards a Poetics of Consumerism: Gaston Bachelard’s 'Material Imagination' and Narratives of Post-war Modernisation." French Cultural Studies, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2006, 19–34.
Lefebvre, Henri. The Production of Space. Translated by Donald Nicholson-Smith. Oxford, Blackwell, 1991.
Lutton, Alison. "East Is (Not) East: The Strange Authorial Psychogeography of Bret Easton Ellis." 49th Parallel, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2012, 1-30.
Merrifield, Andy. Henri Lefebvre: A Critical Introduction. London, Routledge, 2006.
Murphet, Julian. Literature and Race in Los Angeles. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Powers, John. "The MTV Novel Arrives." Film Comment, Vol. 21, No. 6, 1985, 44-46.
Prieto, Eric. Literature, Geography, and the Postmodern Poetics of Place. London, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
Sahlin, Nicki. "'But This Road Doesn't Go Anywhere': The Existential Dilemma in Less Than Zero." Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction, Vol. 33, No. 1, 1991, 23-42.
Soja, Edward. Thirdspace: Journeys to Los Angeles and Other Real-and-Imagined Places, New York, Routledge, 1996.
Stewart, Lyn. "Bodies, Visions, and Spatial Politics: A Review Essay on Henri Lefebvre's The Production of Space." Environment and Planning D; Society and Space, Vol. 13, No. 5, 1995, 609-18.
Teachout, Terry. "Are These Your Children?" Review of Less Than Zero, by Bret Easton Ellis. National Review, 14 February 1986, 52-3.
Wilson, Japhy. "'The Devastating Conquest of the Lived by The Conceived': The Concept of Abstract Space in the Work of Henri Lefebvre." Space and Culture, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2013, 364–80.
Young, Elizabeth. "Vacant Position: Less Than Zero, A Hollywood Hell." Shopping in Space: essays on America's Blank Generation Fiction, edited by Elizabeth Young and Graham Caveney, Serpent’s Tail, 1992, 21-42.