An Analysis of Amory Blaine’s Affective Masculinity in Scott Fitzgerald’s This Side of Paradise

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Candidate, English Department, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, English Department, Faculty of Letters and Humanities, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.



In the early decades of the twentieth century, masculinity created a tangled network of man-woman connections centered on power and control. Additionally, how a man formed relationships was very significant in enhancing his public persona. Scott Fitzgerald’s fiction articulates this complicated and contentious historiography of masculinity and its linkages to the era’s literary tradition. This paper proceeds toward masculinity studies to demonstrate the representation of affective masculinity in Fitzgerald’s This Side of Paradise (1920). The authors argue that Deleuze’s concept of “affect” and its relation to modern discourses of masculinity would enhance our perception of Fitzgerald’s construction of masculinity in his debut novel. The paper analyzes the affective transformation of Amory Blaine as a new man based on his interactions with the female characters of the story. The results of the research show that in Fitzgerald’s definition of masculinity, man is affected and enhanced by the gentle feminine features, and Amory Blaine too acquires a new identity for himself.


Main Subjects

Bennett, Jane. “The Force of Things: Steps toward an Ecology of Matter.” Political Theory, Vol. 32, No. 3, Sage Publications, 2004, pp. 347–72,
Bogue, Ronald. Deleuze on Literature. Taylor & Francis, 2013.
Buchanan, Ian, and John Marks, editors. Deleuze and Literature. Edinburgh University Press, 2000.
Buchbinder, David. Studying Men and Masculinities. New York: Routledge, 2013.
Churchwell, Sarah. “The Oracle of Our Unease.” The New York Review of Books, 8 October. 2020.
Clough, Patricia. The Affective Turn: Theorizing the Social. Duke University Press, 2007.
Deleuze, Gilles. Pure Immanence: Essays on a Life. London: Zone Books, 2005.
---. Spinoza: Practical Philosophy. San Francisco: City Lights Publishers, 1988.
Deleuze, Gilles, and Felix Guattari. A Thousand Plateaus. 1980. Translated by Brian Massumi, New York: Continuum, 2012.
Fitzgerald, F. Scott. This Side of Paradise. 1920. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Forter, Greg. “F. Scott Fitzgerald, Modernist Studies, and the Fin-de-Siècle Crisis in Masculinity.” American Literature, Vol. 78, 2006, pp. 293-323, doi:10.1215/00029831-2006-004.
---. “Introduction.” Gender, Race, and Mourning in American Modernism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Galland, Olivier. “Adolescence, Post-Adolescence, Youth: Revised Interpretations.” Revue Française De Sociologie, Vol. 44, 2003, pp. 163–188.
Gregg, Melissa, and Gregory J. Seigworth. “An Inventory of Shimmers.” The Affect Theory Reader, edited by Melissa Gregg and Gregory J. Seigworth, New York: Duke University Press, 2010, pp. 1-26.
Gross, Barry. “‘This Side of Paradise’: The Dominating Intention.” Studies in the Novel,
Vol. 1, No. 1, 1969, pp. 51–59.
Hardt, Michael. “Affective Labor.” Boundary 2, Vol. 26, No. 2, 1999, pp. 89–100,
Hickey-Moody, Anna. Deleuze and Masculinity. Springer International Publishing, 2019.
---. Deleuzian Encounters: Studies in Contemporary Social Issues. Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
James, Pearl. “History and Masculinity in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s This Side of Paradise.” MFS Modern Fiction Studies, Vol. 51, No. 1, 2005, pp. 1-33. doi:10.1353/mfs.2005.0035.
Kerr, Frances. “Feeling ‘Half Feminine’: Modernism and the Politics of Emotion.” The Great Gatsby. American Literature, Vol. 68, No. 2, 1996, pp. 405-31. doi:10.2307/2928304.
Kimmel, Michael S. Manhood in America: A Cultural History. Oxford University Press, 2006.
Lloyd, Genevieve, and Gatens, Moira. Collective Imaginings: Spinoza, Past and Present. Taylor & Francis, 2002.
McDonald, Terrance. H. “Conceptualizing an Ethology of Masculinities: Do We Know What Masculinities Can Do?” Men and Masculinities, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2018. pp. 56–71.
Miller, Nathan. New World Coming: The 1920s and the Making of Modern America. Scribner, 2010.
Reeser, Todd W. Masculinities in Theory: An Introduction. Wiley, 2011.
Riccardo, Andrew. “Anticipative Feminism in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s This Side of Paradise
and Flappers and Philosophers.” Oswald Review, Vol. 14, Fall 2012, pp. 26-57.
Rotundo, E. Anthony. American Manhood: Transformations in Masculinity from the Revolution to the Modern Era. Basic Books, 1993.
Spinoza, Benedictus de. Ethics. 1677. Wordsworth Editions, 2001.
West, James L. W. “The Question of Vocation in This Side of Paradise and The Beautiful and Damned.” The Cambridge Companion to F. Scott Fitzgerald, edited by Ruth Prigozy, Cambridge University Press, 2001, pp. 48–56. doi:10.1017/CCOL0521624479.003.
Wetherell, Margaret. Affect and Emotion: A New Social Science Understanding. Sage Publications, 2012.
Wojtaszek, Marek. Masculinities and Desire: A Deleuzian Encounter, Taylor & Francis, 2019.